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Sunday, August 4, 2019

Top 10 International style architecture | Best Architect 2019

Top 10 international style architecture

Architecture has always dignified itself from other art forms because it plays an aesthetic as well as a functional role. Architecture also leaves behind moments to moments in time, signifying in glass, stone, and steel the various layers of history that characterize the evolution of a place. Here are some examples of famous international style architectures. These are as follows:

Sanskriti Vihar in Mumbai
Image source:- housing.com

1. Sanskriti Vihar in Mumbai

Artist: Hafeez Contractor/Nitisha Raja, Vinay Mathias
Artwork Description & Analysis: Sansktrity Vihar is an academic institution in Mumbai. It is an armature of infrastructure. It's an area around 3156 Sq.Mt. It is located at Vidyavihar, Mumbai It is devoted to the preservation and research of Indian traditions, both cultural and religious. It is the perception of K J Somaiya Center for Buddhist Studies, K J Somaiya Bharatiya Sanskriti Peetham and the K J Somaiya Centre for Studies in Jainism.
It's all presentation almost done. Sanskrit Vihar has administration Block, Cafe, Library, and Interfaith Dialogue spaces. It also has rainwater harvesting that is very much important around the world now in days. Ther are lots of good facilities for students and teachers. Those facilities include well-ventilated classrooms, various indoor and outdoor games, recreational areas, numerous medical facilities, stocked library, seamless internet connectivity, etc. Sanskrit Vihar has a modern infrastructure and good amenities so that all students make their lives more comfortable in their college hours. By all these facilities students make learning even more interesting. Sanskrit Vihar offers many streams like Arts, Management, Performing Arts, Vocational, Education and many degrees like BA, MA, PGD, Diploma, and Certificate courses. This is one of the top architectures in India.
Hall of Nations - Pragati Maidan in New Delhi
Image source:- specoengineering.com

2. Hall of Nations - Pragati Maidan in New Delhi

Artist: Raj Rewal
Artwork description & Analysis: Pragati Maidan, basically is a place for large exhibitions and convention in New Delhi. It has approximately 150 acres of area. It was the highest exposition and cultural landmark in Delhi. It was devastated On the evening of 25 April 2017. Pragati Maidan is managed, handled, owned and operated by India Trade Promotion Organization(ITPO). The famous architect Raj Rewal designed the total layout and project. Prior Prime Minister Indira Gandhi inaugurated it on 2nd Nov in 1972. It happened to celebrate the 25th anniversary of India's independence. After Twenty-five years of Independence, the country was based on human labor, when the machine plays a negative role. So, when the Hall of Nations was constructed, the challenge was to build a new phrase of modern art in architecture. At that time the main constructing materials were reinforced concrete. The Hall of Nations was built up in twenty-two months and within budget, After that, it was the place for the 1972 International Trade Fair.
The design was emerged to meet the availability of manpower and materials, constraints of time, but above all, to follow technologically and symbolically, India's transitional technology in the 25th year of its independence. The Hall of Nations is mainly a structure based on hexagons, triangulated forms and tetrahedrons, which is apparent in the jails in India. Raj Rewal builds the traditional Indian element of design with techniques and ultra-modern form. Thus he built a powerful image to represent India's innovation. He used space frames as both, wall and roof united to circulated the sharp sunlight in Delhi. So the structure itself develops into a stun breaker. This complex house has many Pavilions like the Defense Pavilion, the Nehru Pavilion, the Indira Pavilion, and the Son of India Pavilion. It has many buildings that are built in different shapes and sizes.
Pragati Maidan has an interesting auditorium where rocks are shows. An internal shuttle service is available for those people who are not able to walk or not want t walk. There was a famous theatre for a movie, named Shakuntalam. That was very much famous among college students for its low-priced movie tickets. Pragati Maidan has a performance compound, 18 exhibition halls, some buildings. It also has the headquarters of the India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO). Annually it hosts nearly 70 national and international exhibitions. Pragati Maidan is situated in the center of Delhi. The pin code of this location is 110001. People can visit Pragati Maidan as it is 3km away from Hazrat Nizamuddin railway station. The best step to reach Pragati Maidan is by Delhi Metro. After reaching the Pragati Maidan metro station which is located at gate number 10.
Indian National Science Academy in New Delhi
Image source:- justdail.com

3. Indian National Science Academy in New Delhi

Artist: Raj Rewal
Artwork description & Analysis: The Indian National Science Academy, the institute was established on the 7th of January in 1935. The object of this institute was to promote science in all over India and utilize scientific knowledge for the cause of national welfare and humanity. Earlier the academy was known as the National Institute of Sciences of India (NISI) until the present name was accepted in 1970. In 1945, The Government of India recognized it as the arch scientific society that representing all the branches of science in India. In 1968, it was nominated as the adhering organization in India to the International Council for Science (ICSU) on the support of the Government of India. It has headquarters in New Delhi. It has all branches of science and technology. The Indian National Science Academy includes Fellows (FNA), Foundation fellows, and Foreign Fellows. Election to the Academy is done only by nomination. It plays a role in recognizing, rewarding and promoting excellence in scientific research.
The character or the Rase of the building is based on creating a progressive and bold image. A dynamic form that achieves the distinct functions of the academy emerged. It has an auditorium on the lower floors. Its intermediate floors are with smaller spans and roof terraces provide for guest rooms. The topmost rooms provide for offices and seminars. An 'X' shaped structure of concrete prune walls arranges for an economical solution to the complicated problem of varying spans at different levels. Indian National Science Academy is constructed with sandstone. The horizontal bands of the stoned are dumped with stainless steel to the substructure of concrete which in turn supports the vertical stone panels.
Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Washington (2004)
Image source:- architectmagazine.com

4. Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Washington (2004)

Artwork description & Analysis:  Seattle Public Library is a library of The Seattle Publis Library system. This famous library is located in downtown Seattle, Washington. This building was made of glass and steel. It was first opened to the public on Sunday, May 23, 2004. Joshua Prince-Ramus and Rem Koolhaas of OMA|LMN were the principal architects, Magnusson Klemencic Associates was the structural engineer with Arup who also provided electrical, mechanical, and plumbing engineering, as well as, security, fire/life safety, audiovisual consulting, IT and communications, and Hoffman Construction Company of Portland, Oregon, was the general contractor. In its first year, Over 2 million people visited the new library. This public library can occupy about 1.45 million books and necessary materials. It has underground public parking that can hold 143 vehicles. This library and includes over 400 computers open to the public. Administration, collections, and staff, information and public space functions are arranged to optimize daylight and city views. The library has a unique structure. It consists of several discrete "floating platforms" seemingly wrapped in a large steel net around glass skin. The building's exterior contains an I-beam structural system and diagonal steel that form diamond shapes overlaid with an aluminum sun-screening element and a skin of glass.

The architects realize the Seattle Public Library building as a celebration of books. This library has an unusual shape from the outside. It has an auditorium with 275 seats, that is located on the ground floor,.It's third floor is designed as space for patrons to read. The Charles Simonyi mixing Chamber is a version of a reference desk that supplies interdisciplinary staff help for patrons who want to do research or have questions answered. The Betty Jane Narver Reading Room on level 10. A spiral structure is there inside the building, that provides a continuous surface with coated side shelves that display different themed collections. This spiral rises to four floors, has required the creation of a system of zigzag ramps accessible to all ages and needs. These ramps are held on slender columns built economically.
The flexibility of libraries is conceived as the creation of generic floors on which almost any activity can be developed. For this library's flexibility, Seattle Public Library strangles the very attractions that separate it from other information resources.
Dr. Chau Chak Wing Building
Image source:- arup.com

5. Dr. Chau Chak Wing Building

Artist: Frank Gehry
Artwork description & Analysis: Dr. Chau Chak Wing Building is a famous architect building. This is a business school of the Unversity of Technology Sydney in Sydney(UTS). This building is located in Sydney, New South Wales in Australia. The Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, one of the most relevant and influential in the world, designed the first building in Australia. This building is named after Chau Chak Wing, a Chinese Australian philanthropist, and businessman who donated $20 million for the building's construction purpose. This business school provides learning, teaching, research, and office accommodation. This school has nearly 1,256 students and 326 academic staff. This business school will be open to all students but will have the main focus on postgraduate and executive education.
The design of Dr. Chau Chak Wing Building is based on the concept of a tree-house structure The building was made with approximate 320,000 custom-designed bricks, which is described as the "squashed brown paper bag". The Dr. Chau Chak Wing Building is famous for many reasons. One of them is that as much for what will go on inside as how it looks on the outside. Gehry Partners start its designs from the inside-out. That means that the design of internal spaces must be before the design of the building's exterior can start. UTS selected Gehry as an architect because of his experience in the field of development of creative spaces. This building is noticeably different from any other building in the vicinity and it distinctly generates lots of interest at street level as pedestrians are very closer to photograph, insect and engage with it.
This extremely complex construction is made with five custom-made brick types that were specifically manufactured for this building by Laid and Bowral Bricks. The brickwork is heavily carefully assembled and executed to build an exacting and highly detailed design. This building has stairs that are made with stainless steel in the main lobby. That is constructed by Urban Art Projects. Those stairs are one of the sculptural forms within the building. The eastern corner of the building connects with The Goods Line that is a pedestrianized spine along a former railway line that currently under development.
This building will bring together all staff under one roof. That staff is from all five of the School's core business discipline groups like Economics, Accounting, Finance, Marketing, and Management  - inspiring even greater collaboration across disciplines. A building that goes with satisfying basic user requirements, that produces this complexity and richness. That draws people in, either they are viewing it from an academic standpoint or naturally discovering it in the street, is a good building.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain
Image source:- lonelyplanet.com

6. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain

Artist: Frank Gehry
Artwork description & Analysis: The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a museum. That museum has lots of collections of contemporary and modern art. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry who is internationally famed for his unique designs that integrate new shapes and materials and is especially conscious of his building's surroundings. The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is one of Frank Gehry's most celebrated projects.
The museum is located in the Basque city of Bilbao in northern Spain. The museum was inaugurated by King Juan Carlos I of Spain on 18 October in 1997. The museum is established beside the Nervion River, which flows through the city of Bilbao to the Cantabrian Sea. Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was the most important building of the 20th century.

Once, upon a time, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was one of the main sources of income of the city. Guggenheim Foundation preferred Frank Gehry as the architect and its director. The curves that are found on the exterior of the building were designed to appear random. In 1997, When the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was opened to the public, it was immediately famous as one of the world's most fabulous buildings in the style of Deconstructivism. Even the building inspired other structures of similar design across the world. The museum was constructed on time and budget, which is very rare for the architecture of this unique type.
Guggenheim Museum Bilbao was constructed with interconnection shapes glass, limestone, and titanium. The museum used 33,000 pieces of titanium that were only half a millimeter thick, each piece with a unique form suited to its position. As these pieces are so thin, a perfect fit to the curves is mandatory. The glass has a special analysis to let in the sun's light, but not its heat.
The museum was popular for its distinctive titanium curves and soaring glass atrium. The resulting architecture is expressionistic and sculptural, with lots of spaces unlike any others for the presentation of art. The three levels of the building are glass elevators. The museum is placed in the ancient industrial heart of the city. The museum has lots of space for the exhibition. The 11,000 m2 of exhibition space is scattered over 19 galleries. Out of them, 10 galleries follow a classic orthogonal plan that can be easily identified from the outside by their stone finishes. The remaining 9 galleries, which are irregularly shaped and also can be easily identified from the exterior by their swirling organic forms and titanium cladding.
The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao is a pinnacle in Gehry's great architectural career as well as in the field of museum design.
Parliament Library Building in New Delhi

7. Parliament Library Building in New Delhi

Artist: Raj Rewal
Artwork description & Analysis: The Parliament Library has its spot next to the Parliament House in Lutyens Delhi. This building is established in 2003. The famous architect Raj Rewal designed this building. A proper structure is conceived for the library within the Indian tradition and culture, built in a contemporary phrase to capture the basis without mimicry of post-historical patterns. The total area of the site measures 10 acres with a built-up area of 50,000 sqm. Lawns form an important feature of the design vocabulary, keeping in mind about Delhi's extreme weather as in summer the temperatures rising to over 110 degrees Fahrenheit (43-degrees Centigrade). They help in creating a dust-free atmosphere and in compressing the summer heat. The design of the Parliament Library Building follows "Beaux-Arts", which designed upon the principle of French neoclassicism and used modern materials, such as glass and iron. The building is strictly restricted to the dais level of the Parliament House.
Architect Raj Rewal decided to dig the part of the library at underground, leaving two of the four floors above grade. The terrace of the library adjusts with the first-floor level fo the parliament building. Only the domes of the building rise higher. The domes are maybe the building's most significant feature. Several domes of various sizes and types make up the roof and benefit from Rewal's experiences in earlier buildings. The terrace of the library adjusts with the first floor level of the Parliament building. Only the domes of the building rise higher. The domes are maybe the building's most significant feature. Several domes of various sizes and types make up the roof and benefit from Rewal's experiences in earlier buildings. The central dome is made of glass that was specially developed for this building. Raj Rewal content on using glass to let in light. This specially developed glass is claimed to be still more capable of resisting heat transfer. The outer walls of the library are clad in the same being sandstone and red as that was used in the Parliament building. This local stone has been broadly used in northern and northwestern India through the centuries and thus expresses regionalism. The design of the Parliament Library Building is encouraged by pre-colonial Indian architecture like the magnificent Taj Mahal, which has a square base and symmetrical composition.
Rewal uses lots of handcrafted stone grills or jalis. In this pre-colonial Indian architecture, jalis were used not only for decoration but to separate the inside from the outside, to broadcast the harsh sunlight, and to audibly and visually connect two spaces while physically divide them. Those jalis are integrated artfully to create a typically Indian look.
The Parliament Library Building has a hi-tech network and facilities for multimedia, microfilm, and satellite links. Also, it has houses for the reading room for members of parliament (MPs), committee room, the research area and archival storage, and a banquet hall. Rewal has created this contemporary Indian architecture that uses inventive technology to express both regionalism and modernity with connections to the physical ambiance and venerable history.
Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad(IIM Ahmedabad)
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8. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad(IIM Ahmedabad)

Artist: Louis Kahn
Artwork description & Analysis: Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad(IIM Ahmedabad) is a premier public business school. This institute is located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. This institute was established on 11 December 1961. IIM Ahmedabad offers Masters Degree programs in management, a fellowship program, agri-business management and lots of executive training programs. This institute has approximately 102 acres. In 1962, the National Institute of Design (NID) selected an architect for the design of the institute, named Lous Kahn, who was experienced in exposed-brick architecture. Kahn's architecture is defined by the use of bare red bricks, vast corridors outside the classrooms, the extensive use of geometric shapes in academic blocks and hostels. He integrated local materials (concrete and brick) to construct this project. He skillfully united Indian traditional and modern architecture and the vernacular architecture of this project. Every year, a lot of architecture students and tourists often visit IIM Ahmedabad for its phenomenal architectural impact.

The most extraordinary features of the plan are the various arches and square brick structures with circles carved out in the facade. This extensive building has a library, residential buildings, and teaching facilities. The large facade exterior system and light wells securing the interior from India's harsh desert climate. Every though the porous, geometric facade arts as filters for proper ventilation and sunlight, the porosity granted for the creation of new areas of gathering for the students and faculty to come together.
The design of IIM Ahmedabad was more than just dynamic spatial planning of the classrooms which is the first phase of learning for the students and the center of academic thought. That time the main focus was to build a new, modern school that integrated a more western-style of teaching for India's best and brightest. So that every student can participate in class discussions and debates in comparison to the traditional style where students can participate in class discussions and debates in comparison to the traditional style where students can have to sit in lectures throughout the day. He had died in 1974 in New York City before the project was completed.
So, Unfortunately Kahn was unable to see the final design in which he was designed. However, there is no doubt whether or not his design had completely changed how modern architecture establishes itself in one's culture.
Kunsthaus Graz, Graz, Austria (1999-2003)
Image source:- archdaily.com

9. Kunsthaus Graz, Graz, Austria (1999-2003)

Artwork description & Analysis: Kunsthaus Graz is a new museum of modern art in the Austrian city of Graz. The Kunsthaus Graz was built as part of the European Capital of Culture. This modern museum was established in 2003 and since has become an architecture art, contemporary art from the 1960s onwards. This building is located on the banks of the Mur. Kunsthaus Graz was designed by Colin Fournier as the Partner-in-Charge along with Sir Peter Cook.
Its preliminary design is a perfect example of innovative 'paper' architecture that has been converted into realized building designs. Since the time of its construction, this unique building has become the main attraction for the culturally minded people and art lovers from across the world. And also becoming an essential landmark in the urban identity of the city of the Graz. Kunsthaus Graz is a proper example of blob architecture, in which buildings have an organic, amoeba-shaped, building form. The skin of this building made with iridescent blue acrylic panels that also double as photovoltaic panels. The glistening surface of the museum is also embedded with nearly 1,000 fluorescent rings that can be implemented to create a marvelous pattern, making the building even more strange and spectacular at night Kunsthaus Graz's maximum power is absorbed by solar panels on the gleaming roof of the building. Like a bubble of air, shimmering and the bluish skin of the Kunsthaus floats above its glass-walled ground floor. covering up to 60 metes in width, the surface of the blue acrylic glass outer layer, noticeably towards the north and hence provide optimum natural lighting. The glass-walled ground floor accommodates a function room, a bar, and numerous communications amenities as well as the foyer, from which a moving ramp leads to the upper exhibition rooms. Transparent and isolated window places allow visitors to a lookout, while the "Needle", a projecting, glass-enclosed structure, offers a marvelous view of the Old Town of Graz from a height of about 16 meters. There are nearly 11,100 square meters of useable space which specifically designed to present and procure contemporary art productions. Colin Fournier, the architect skillfully applied architecture, internet art, design, film, photography, and new media, those all are integrated under one roof. Kunsthaus Graz was constructed as an institution to stage international exhibitions of multidisciplinary, contemporary and modern art from the 1960s to the present day. It does not collect art, does not have its depot and maintains no permanent exhibitions. Rather, it's unique aspiration is to present and procure contemporary art productions.
The Kunsthaus Graz action as a bridgehead at some point where the past and the future meet. The Kunsthaus facade as a display that established and an extraordinary platform for presenting art and related information transfers. The Kunsthaus technically and functionally meets the most up-to-date requirements. This award-winning building includes three major exhibition galleries plus associated office areas, numerous meeting spaces, entertainment communication facilities, and modern lighting and security systems to protect the professional handling of exhibition projects. Latter, Kunsthaus Graz includes a Media-Art-Laboratory, gallery shop, reading and media lounge, depots, and workshops, restaurant/cafe, two 'travelators' that allow the visitors to go through the building and exhibition areas. There is also an inventive and cost-effective air-conditioning system that satisfies all the demands of the most important art owners.
The Kunsthaus Graz has a complex palette of functions and features. Also it very popular as a multi-disciplinary place for exhibitions, various events and other means of presenting contemporary art, photography, and new media.
Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, Germany (2005)
Image source:- arcspace.com

10. Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, Germany (2005)

Artist: Zaha Hading
Artwork description & Analysis: The Phaeno Science Center is a popular science center.
This institute is located in Wolfsburg, a small town in central Germany that is the heart of the city in an area between the offices and the commercial area. This institute was established in 2005. The Phaeno Science Center derives from urban planning by the city of Wolfsburg. The overall layout of the building is designed by famous architect Zaha Hadid. The design of the building gained a 2006 RIBA European Award as well as the 2006 Institution of Structural Engineers Award for its Leisure, Arts, and Entertainment Structures.
The building builds on concrete stilts. The Phaeno was added to a list of the 7 wonders of the Modern World. The Phaeno Science Center appears in the movie The International, which is a political thriller film directed by Tom Tykwer in 2009, as the movie The International which is a political thriller film directed by Tom Tykwer in 2009, as the headquarters of an Italian weapons company.

This science institute is dedicated to attracting children and youth to the world of physics, chemistry, and biology. The project partnership scheme. Every year, about 180 thousand people visited The Phaeno Science Center. It is the largest academy of its kind in all over Germany.
This institute has a large area of 12 thousand square meters. From this building, we can see the very high chimney of the historic factory Volkswagen and the complex named Autostadt. Sincerely, the building is structured in such a way that it can manage a large degree of transparent and the ding is structured in such a way that it can manage a large degree of transparent and priority on the ground. The functional places like the museum entrance, where an escalator picks up visitors to the main level, a theater, and the bookstore, are located in the concrete cones. A translucent public wormhole-like expansion of the existing bridge goes through the building. Zaha Hadid designed this odd-shaped building that rises above the urban field, with a course of roads winding around polished concrete cones, with squares of light above. A red blob indicates the destination- a bar. But surprisingly, it immediately speaks of the speed of an automobile. Lots of windows are something inadequate and sometimes bunched together.
The Phaeno Science Center is a complex and environmental building for learning, a place designed to provoke excitement for invention in the visitor.

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